How to Crochet a Beanie and Hat 3 different Ways

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In the Fall and Winter, Crochet Beanies and Hats are super popular for crochet beginners to more experienced crocheters. In this tutorial, you’ll learn how to crochet a beanie and hat 3 different ways.

It is the time of the year again, where everyone makes hats and beanies. Well, I noticed that many people, especially beginners struggle with making hats or beanies for different-sized heads.

I personally create all my hat and beanie patterns with a certain math formula in mind. All you need to know is how to measure the hat or beanie you are making in the correct way and how to measure someone’s head. Then you are good to go. Use this process to create and use any pattern and modify it to your desired need.

how to crochet beanie

Crochet Beanie or Crochet Hat?

In case, you do not know the difference between a beanie and a hat, here’s how to tell. Most people use them interchangeably, but usually, a beanie is rounded on top with no additional accessories, such as a pom-pom, whereas a hat usually has a pom-pom.

Some people also go so far as to say that a beanie does not really have a ribbing. But I think a beanie is one without a pom-pom and a hat has a pom-pom or something else attached to the top.

If you have never made a hat or beanie before, then let me explain to you really quick the 3 ways how you can make one. The impressive thing about all 3 techniques is that you can use any stitch or stitch pattern and every one of them will work out great and fit perfectly for any size head.

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Video Tutorial to Crochet Hats and Beanies 3 Ways

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How to Crochet Beanie and Crochet Hat 3 Ways

1. Crochet Top Down Beanie

First, you can start a beanie or hat from the top down, which means you would start by making a circle, and when you reached the desired diameter according to the formula seen below, then you just extend the circle without increases anymore. Usually, top-down patterns are ideal for beanies but are used for hats as well.

This technique is the most favorite one for most crocheters and is very widely used. I have below an example pattern of a very basic double crochet beanie scroll or go to point 5. You can find the basic chunky crochet beanie pattern here.

how to crochet beanie

And of course, you can also make a Messy Bun Beanie which you can start by using a hair elastic and crocheting around it and then extending it to the diameter needed.

Now, if you do not like the front and back post stitches that are usually used for a top-down beanie, you should try out the very easy technique on how to crochet the perfect ribbed brim.

2. Crochet Bottom Up Hat

Secondly, you could start from the bottom up. That is usually done for multiple reasons. When I crochet hat patterns and realize that the stitch I want to use does not allow a nice way to decrease it, then I create a hat, instead of a beanie and start from the bottom.

When starting from the bottom, most people start with a nice crochet rippled brim edge which is made flat and then gets connected via slip stitches to make a circle.

You can even make the ribbed brim fold-over, by making it longer, so double the number of crochet chains and stitches per row. I love fold-over ribbed brims and used this technique for the Suzette Hat and the Striped Silt Hat.

In order to know how long the flat piece for the rippled brim should be, all you have to do is measure the person’s head who will wear the hat. After you joined the ends of the flat piece to make a circle, you will work your way upwards in rounds. It will look like a tube.

In order to know how long you need to crochet, you will measure the distance between the eyebrows and the top of the head. Refer to the table below for both of these measurements.

easy crochet hat pattern

3. From a Crochet Rectangle to a Hat or Beanie

Thirdly, you could crochet a large rectangle and then turn it into a hat as well. This one is actually one of the easiest for most people, although this technique is not commonly used.

You would use the same measurements as in the second choice above, but make it into a rectangle. So you will need the hat circumference to make the crochet rectangle.

beginner crochet hat pattern

Then you will fold it up and sew it together on the side and use the basting stitch to close up the now crochet tube to make it into a crochet hat. You can also add a pom pom on top.

Another wonderful crochet hat pattern using the rectangle-to-hat technique is the Sunset Hat Pattern.

Sunset Striped Hat - Free Crochet Pattern by Nicki's Homemade Crafts #striped #crochet #hat #redheart #impeccable #yarn

Starting to get attention again is the TIE UP BEANIE! It’s made flat and then tied up in the back and sewn up on the top. Try it and have fun with it.

Measure Head to Crochet Beanie and Hat

If you do not know how to measure someone’s head, then this information should be very helpful. Furthermore, I will explain to you how to get from the head circumference to the diameter of the beanie which is important for the Top-Down Beanie Technique!

First, let me show you a couple of pictures that show you how to measure the head. The first one will provide you with the head circumference measurement. The measuring tape goes around the head, being right above the eyebrows and the base of the hair on the neck on the back.

measure head circumference for crochet hat pattern

And the second picture will show you how to measure the head to get the hat or beanie height. You will measure for the back top part of the head to right above the eyebrows.

Measure height of crochet hat pattern

Once you know the head circumference, you can now calculate the diameter of the head. Below I have the formula listed which is much easier and not scary at all! Really!

Hat/ Beanie/ Head DIAMETER = Head Circumference : Pi (3.14)

And you did not think you would use the number Pi after being done with school? Well, you will need it here, but luckily the formula is easy and super helpful.

Head – Hat Measurement Reference Table

In case, you do not have the person that you making the hat or beanie for close by, I have made a reference table that should help you also. It has all the important general measurements listed and organized by age or even the gender of the person.

crochet hat pattern

How to Crochet Beanie Step by Step

Here I would like to give you an example pattern of how to crochet a beanie using the top-down technique. It is super easy and fast to make.

Some people do not like ribbing on their beanies. That is fine. You will just continue the pattern until the height of the beanie is reached. However, I do prefer a nice ribbing on my beanie, so below you will see how to do that as well.

Materials to Crochet a Top Down Beanie

Usually, you use worsted weighted yarn to make beanies or hats, but you can also use bulky yarn, super bulky yarn, or even DK yarn. For this example, I used worsted weighted yarn. But be sure to also check out this basic chunky beanie pattern which uses super bulky yarn for a quick project.

Use the hook size recommended for the yarn you are using.

Written Instructions to Crochet a Top Down Beanie

Crochet Beanie Round 1

Start with making a Magic Ring (if you have never made one, please click HERE for the instructions).

No matter which stitch, hook, or yarn use you use, use the below reference table to know how many stitches you need to start with.

crochet stitches for how to crochet beanie

In my case I made 12 dc’s into a magic ring for round 1. Slip stitch to the first st.

Below you can see a reference table on how many chains for the beginning of a turning chain are appropriate per stitch type used.

If you prefer not to crochet turning chains and have pretty smooth transitions, check out this smooth edge tutorial for sc and hdc stitches and the alternative turning chain tutorial for all stitches equal to bigger than double crochet stitches.

turning chains for how to crochet beanie

Now we start increasing. I will mark the number that will increase by ONE per ONE ROUND as well as show what that means in BOLD NUMBERS.

Round 2

Ch 2, 2 dc in the same stitch all around, sl st to the first st (24 sts)

Round 3

Ch 2, *1 dc in the same stitch as the beginning chain, 2 dc in the same stitch, repeat from * all around, sl st to the first st (36 sts)

The first dc always goes in the same stitch as the beginning chain if you do not count it as a stitch.

Round 4

Ch 2, *1 dc in the next 2 sts, 2 dc in the same stitch, repeat from * all around, sl st to the first st (48 sts)

Round 5

Ch 2, *1 dc in the next 3 sts, 2 dc in the same stitch, repeat from * all around, sl st to the first st (60 sts)

Continue until you reach the diameter of the head you are making the beanie for.

In my case, after round 5, I realized I got the diameter I needed. Now, extend the beanie size to equal the height of the head.

crochet circle for how to crochet beanie
Round 6

Ch 2, 1 dc in each stitch all around, sl st to the first st (60 sts)

Round 7- 12

repeat round 6

how to crochet beanie

Now I add ribbing on the bottom of the beanie. If you do not like that, then add and subtract rounds to get the right height. The ribbing is made out of FPDC’s and BPDC’s. If you have never made Front Post Double Crochets or Back Post Double Crochets, then please click HERE for the tutorial.

If you do not like those stitches, then check out my detailed tutorial on how to crochet the perfect ribbed brim every time, especially for top-down beanies.

Round 13 – 14

Ch 2, *1 FPDC, 1 BPDC, repeat from * all around, sl st to the first st (60 sts)

how to crochet beanie with ribbing

Now, fasten off and weave in the ends. Feel free to add a pom-pom to make the beanie into a hat. Check out this tutorial HERE to see how to make a pom-pom using a pom-pom maker. Or check out other Pom Pom ideas, 4 different ways, here.

I hope this tutorial helps and you find it useful. PLEASE SHARE IT by using the corresponding share buttons above or below this post. THANK YOU!

how to crochet beanie beginner tutorial


You can have the most amazing pattern and yarn in the world, but if you don’t have the knowledge on how to crochet in a way that makes you proud, then all your work is for nothing.

Maybe you have a dream of having perfect straight seams or have less yarn to weave in?

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how to crochet beanie 3 ways
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  1. This is the best info I’ve seen for making hats and beanies! So clear and easy to follow! You will save a lot of new crocheters a lot of stress!
    Nicely done, thank you.
    For the seam comment, after years of bad seams on some of my projects, I started slip st joining 1 more stitch PAST where it says,,,,,,so if you did a chain 2 before you started another round,,,,,it will say SL st join into the second stitch of the chain. I started joining in the THIRD stitch. It makes a tight seam, I just add another increase row or two to get the right diameter. I dont explain as well as Niki maybe she can figure what I’m saying. Good luck!

  2. I’ve been crocheting for a while now, and this information just fixed everything that I’ve been struggling with, all at once! So I really have to thank you for that. I’m only sorry I didn’t watch this before

  3. I have the hardest time making a circle to get a nice diameter like the one posted in the picture. it makes me reluctant to make other creations like slippers sweaters mittens. I get confused. do I just keep double crocheting in a circle once i have that first round sl st together? I feel stupid posting this, but I see how intelligent all of you are and i really want to over come my fear so i can advance from the fold over sl st together hat to a beanie made like this to mittens hopefully soon. I am a single mother and i am sick with a rare disease which required chemotherapy and more tests and treatments. I am only 29 yr old so crocheting has become my way to keep my 9, 7, and 5 year old kids warm with their hats i made them and my mind on something calming and productive. It has saved my sanity. Thanks to everyone that posts their free patterns and detailed picture tutorials and anyone that replies to this comment. Live Laugh Love Crochet!! -Sarah Everson

  4. I LOVE your video. I enjoy making baby beanies and am always looking of ways to improve my crocheting skills. Your video is a KEEPER! Thanks so much for sharing. My donated beanies will finally look “perfect” now. Laurie

  5. Please correct me of my understanding of the formula so I will get the head circumference divide it to 3.1416, I checked the table you posted and they don’t match up.

  6. Hi Nicole,
    I am having trouble completing the brim of the Hubby’s Home Beanie. Do you have a tutorial on this? I did search in advance. Need assistance.

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